International Journal of Systems Applications, Engineering & Development

ISSN: 2074-1308
Volume 12, 2018

Main Page

Submit a paper | Submission terms | Paper format


Volume 12, 2018

Title of the Paper: An Adaptive Multi-Agent System Architecture for the Smart Home


Authors: Serban Radu

Pages: 131-135

Abstract:A multi-agent model is developed for supporting the architecture of a smart home. The model focuses on embedded devices, sensors framework, actuators and learning algorithms used by smart devices. The agents modeling the smart home receive input from sensors and select a suitable action, which is performed by the effectors. Machine learning techniques make better prediction and also adaptation. The employed smart home model discovers patterns of behavior in the user activities and has the ability to learn these patterns. Also, the used system is able to adapt to the changes in the discovered patterns and to update the model accordingly. The proposed framework has high flexibility, learning capabilities and easy integration with smart objects. The model is tested in a simulated scenario for the smart home, and the agents’ capabilities are improved in time using learning algorithms.

Title of the Paper: Mobile Robots for Investigation in Specific Application Areas


Authors: Dimitar Karastoyanov, Milena Groueva, Veneta Yosifova

Pages: 126-130

Abstract:The objects of cultural and historical heritage are often located in remote and difficult to access places. Occasionally, reaching them can be related to harmfulness and dangers. Also, buildings and facilities often have places that are narrow, difficult to access, or associated with dangers. Under current control or after an accident, inspections are required at such locations for energy losses due to insulation damage, thermal bridges, moisture, etc. The article describes the possibility of using intelligent mobile robots to transfer capturing, scanning, and thermography technique to narrow, difficult to access or dangerous locations. Approaches for use of mobile robots on outdoor terrain or in enclosed spaces are presented. 3D digitization of the received data were discussed, incl. for people with disabilities. Methods for increasing the energy efficiency of buildings and facilities by analyzing thermograms and using new methods and tools have been also discussed.

Title of the Paper: Positioning Robotic System Used in Manufacturing Operations


Authors: Paul Ciprian Patic, Marin Mainea, Gabriela Mantescu, Lucia Pascale

Pages: 121-125

Abstract: There are many definitions of the robot, which is a universal machine, used to perform some intellectual, human, motor functions. One of the most important robot classes is manipulating robots for manufacturing operations, which include industrial robots. The construction of flexible manufacturing cells and the industrial robot driving system requires the use of certain techniques of artificial intelligence used to construct superior hierarchical levels, advanced predictive control techniques in inferior hierarchical materialization. The goal of this paper is to make a study on the kinematics of the mechanisms involved in robot composition, the theoretical data of the dynamics of industrial robotic systems and the structure of a robotic position system used in manipulation operations in order to optimize and correct the performances.

Title of the Paper: A Novel Color Image Encryption Scheme Using Logistic Map and Quadratic Map Systems


Authors: Djamel Herbaji, Aissa Belmeguenai, Nadir Derouich, Youcef Zennir

Pages: 116-120

Abstract: Adjacent pixels of digital images are highly correlated. In this work, we propose a color image encryption scheme based on logistic map and quadratic map systems. First, the color image is divided into three components (red (R), green (G), and blue (B)). The three components are stitched as single grayscale image, to permute the pixels positions; we have used two permutation index vectors for changing rows and columns position. Finally, the permuted grayscale image is encrypted. In order to evaluate the security of the proposed scheme, the entropy, key space analysis, key sensitivity analysis, the correlation of two adjacent pixels and differential attack were performed. The Experimental results and analyses show that the proposed scheme is of reduced computing effort, efficient and outperforms other schemes given in the literature.

Title of the Paper: New Method of Reorganization Machines on a Group Technology to Improve their Performances


Authors: Bolfa Traian Eugen

Pages: 113-115

Abstract: Group technology represents an important technique in the planning of manufacture that allows the advantages of flow production organization to be obtained. Production flow analysis is a method of group technology, developed by Burbidge that is relatively simple to be implemented and can be applied to the reorganization of existing and new manufacturing systems. This paper presents the existing methods as well as new methods relevant in problems of machine-component group, in order to improve the global performance of entire manufacturing system.

Title of the Paper: Reconfiguration of Distribution Power System Using Evolutionary Algorithm and Branch Exchange Method for Power Loss Reduction


Authors: Messaoud Belazzoug, Karim Sebaa

Pages: 102-112

Abstract: In this paper, we use an Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) and the branch exchange method to solve the optimal reconfiguration in radial distribution systems for power loss reduction that determine the optimal switches. The EA is a relatively powerful intelligence evolution method for solving optimization problems. It is a population based approach that is inspired from natural behaviour of species. In this paper EA is applied to a realistic distribution system (106 buses) located in the Medea city (Algeria). For the comparison purposes, our method is validated with the classical Branch and Bound (BB) method, widely used by the Distribution Companies. The results confirm the superiority of the EA.

Title of the Paper: Texture-Based Classification Approach to Simulate Absolute Permeability in Reservoir Rock Sample


Authors: Mohamed Soufiane Jouini, Ali Al-Sumaiti, Moussa Tembely, Khurshed Rahimov

Pages: 95-101

Abstract: Carbonate reservoirs represent around half hydrocarbon reserves in the world. However, characterizing rock properties in these reservoirs is highly challenging because of rock heterogeneities revealed at several length scales. In the last two decades, a new approach known as Digital Rock Physics (DRP) revealed high potential to better understand rock properties behaviour at pore scale. This approach uses 3D X-ray Micro tomography images to characterize pore network and also simulate rock properties from these images. Even though, DRP is able to predict realistic rock properties results in sandstone reservoirs it is still suffering from a lack of clear workflow in carbonate rocks. The main challenge is the integration of properties simulated at different scales in order to obtain the effective rock property of core plugs. In this paper, we propose to characterize absolute permeability in a carbonate core plug sample using texture analysis. We propose to segment 3D micro-CT image in terms of textures and predict the overall rock permeability by integrating classification result with absolute permeability simulations values computed locally for each texture class. Finally, we discuss and compare our numerical simulation results with experimental measurement from the laboratory.

Title of the Paper: Fixed or Variable Step Size PV MPPT? Comparative Study Between P&O and IC


Authors: Abdelghani Harrag, Abbes Remita, Ahmed Oussama Bouzaher

Pages: 89-94

Abstract: In this paper we investigate two MPPT commands (P&O and IC) for PV systems. The two algorithms were firstly evaluated independently using fixed and variable step size. In second time, a comparaison between the two methods is carried out. For this, the whole system composed of a PV MSX60 module connected to resistive load via a DC-DC boost converter driver using both proposed MPPTs algorithms are implemented under Matlab/Simulink environment. we were interested in the study and modeling of a photovoltaic system. The obtained results using Matlab/Simulink environment show that the accuracy with the P&O method in the case of high irradiation is less than with the IC method; On the other hand, the precision with the IC method for low irradiation is much less than with the P&O method. As for the response time, the IC method exhibits a better convergence time irrespective of the level of irradiation.

Title of the Paper: Coverage Prediction with UTD Model


Authors: Alp Eren Aydin, Mehmet Baris Tabakcioglu, Eray Arik

Pages: 85-88

Abstract: Coverage prediction is vital for reliable communication systems. In order to increase QoS, threshold field strength have to be ensured and coverage map extracted. Uniform Theory of diffraction (UTD) model is used to calculate electric field. In this study, a scenario including 441 buildings is generated randomly and electric field is calculated at the top of all buildings. According to electric field coverage map is extracted.

Title of the Paper: Is Li-Fi the Near Future Wireless Technology?


Authors: Abdelghani Harrag, Ahmed Oussama Bouzaher, Abbes Remita

Pages: 79-84

Abstract: Li-Fi is transmission of data using visible light by sending data through a LED light bulb that varies in intensity faster than the human eye can follow. If the LED is on, the photo detector registers a binary one; otherwise it’s a binary zero. This paper introduces the visible light communication technology as a solution for the current telecommunication crunch, also deals with the implementation of the most basic Li-Fi based system to transfer data from one computer to another. Also we have demonstrates the working of Li-Fi by simulating and implementing a simple circuit which gave us the required output. Furthermore we managed to achieve transmission data until 1 meter in daily room with an acceptable noise by using a 10mm ordinary LED and without any encryption technique. This work was done by using Matlab/Simulink code as well as Proteus software for the simulation and the emulation.

Title of the Paper: Management and Resources in the Research Project: Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Laser with Applications in Industrial Engineering


Authors: Girdu Constantin

Pages: 75-78

Abstract: The paper presents the key elements of a scientific research project: goal, strategic targets, project implementation methodology, Gantt chart, results, statistics on the use of CO2 laser in technological processing and manufacture of metal products (tables, bars) from OT, Al , With. The research includes the design and development of a plan of activities, the calculation of the involvement by activities for the scientific coordinator and the doctoral student (normative), the calculation of the involvement of each human resource with total / man / month. The budget of the research project is completed with the budget title for human resource expenses, logistics, mobility expenses, overhead costs is filled in. The project model stimulates scientific research and innovation, provides skills and competencies for obtaining research grants in industrial engineering.

Title of the Paper: A Revisit Solution for Non Homogeneous Heat Equation by Adomian Decomposition Method


Authors: Messaoudi Nadia Amel, Manseur Salah

Pages: 69-74

Abstract: In this paper, a revisit solution of Adomian decomposition method based on series Fourier is proposed to solve the homogenous and non-homogenous initial and boundary value problem of heat equation, leading to the same solution as the one obtained by the separation of variables method. A numerical example is thus given to prove that the presented method is reliable, efficace and can be employed to derive successfullt analytical approximate solutions of heat equation.

Title of the Paper: Mobile Multirobot Manipulation by Image Recognition


Authors: A. Saraiva, R. T. Melo, Vitor Filipe, J. V. M. Sousa, N. M. Fonseca Ferreira, Antonio Valente

Pages: 63-68

Abstract: In this paper we considered the problem of mobile multirobot manipulation, with information extracted from a fixed position camera for command inputs that is analyzed by a real time image recognition algorithm. We used 1320 images for training 11 gesture commands, for decision making we used deep learning through a CNN. The proposed method is evaluated using Kappa’s agreement analysis, with overall score (K), of 0.9708, meaning almost perfect agreement between the prediction of the CNN and the result expected. This approach allows multiple robotic agents to perform collaborative tasks in real time using hand gestures.

Title of the Paper: Some Quality Parameters of Mustards from the Romanian Market


Authors: Cristina Damian, Ana Leahu, Sorina Ropciuc, Mircea-Adrian Oroian

Pages: 58-62

Abstract: Five commercial mustards, made by different manufacturers, were studied to examine their physico-chemical properties and to establish relationships between those properties. Physico-chemical analysis revealed distinct differences between the mustards in the dry matter and extract contents and smaller differences in the protein, fat and ash levels. Two of the investigated mustards did not satisfy the requirements of the relevant Romanian standard regarding dry matter content. The properties of the emulsion were correlated with physico-chemical characteristics of the mustard which can influence the formation and the stability of the emulsion, using principal component analysis (PCA). Statistical analysis of the results showed significant linear correlations between the dry matter, fat, protein and ash contents of mustards and some parameters of rheological model [1].

Title of the Paper: Traffic Congestion Prevention System


Authors: H.Toulni, M. Miyara, B. Nsiri, M. Boudhane

Pages: 51-57

Abstract: Transport is one of the key elements of development in any country; it can be a powerful catalyst for the economic growth. However, the road infrastructure is not adapted to the huge number of vehicles, this produces several problems, particularly in terms of road safety, waste of time and pollution. One of the most important problems is congestion, which is a major handicap for the road transport. An alternative would be to use new technologies in the communication field to send traffic information such as the potentially dangerous traffic situation and accident sites for more efficient use of the existing infrastructure. In this article, we present the Congestion Prevention System, which aims to avoid congestion and queues, reduce travel time and fuel consumption, and ensure a more efficient and optimal use of existing road infrastructure. For this, we focus on analyzing the useful and reliable traffic information collected in real time. The system is simulated under several conditions. Experimental results show that our system is very effective.

Title of the Paper: Energy Saving Model for Wireless Sensor Networks: Sports Medical Application


Authors: Imen Kouloughli, Hassine Moungla, Hichem Haddou Benderbal

Pages: 45-50

Abstract: The present paper focuses first on small wireless sensor networks in the medical-sports field. A protocol solution is designed and dedicated to dynamic routing and energy saving. This solution called DREEM (Dynamic Routing Energy Efficient Model) consists of: - A standby strategy, which we propose, and which allows extending the service life of the network, - A locating algorithm called CTA (Closer Tracking Algorithm) used to locate the sensors based on the RSSI metric (Received Signal Strength Indication). To adopt this algorithm for our case study, some necessary modifications were carried out in order to determine the position the athlete was in, and based on that, it became possible to choose a topology that helps to apply the third algorithm of a routing protocol called ELQR (Energy and Link Quality Based Routing) - The routing protocol ELQR in which the status of the link is taken into consideration. Note that in the routing tables, there is also one more column that is especially dedicated to the residual energy of neighboring nodes.

Title of the Paper: Healthcare Monitoring System Using Near-Field Communication


Authors: Bilal Hawashin, Ayman M. Mansour

Pages: 39-44

Abstract: In this paper, a new healthcare system has been proposed that will provide patients with a NFC tag. The NFC tag contains patient information. NFC smart tag can be used when patients and Elderly People go to hospitals or emergency units. Instead of carrying many files they can simply carry the smart tag. Such smart tag can be read using a reader either using smart phone or a reader connected to PC in order to retrieve patient information when placed near NFC tag. This tag can be assigned to patient with a unique ID at the time of registration. Every time the health checkup is performed, it will be updated. This improves patient’s identification by eliminating the paper based documentation work by decreasing mistakes in healthcare. Pharmacist can also view medicine prescribed by the doctor. Data log are stored on centralized cloud server NFC can be used also to identify, query, and update patients data form the server. Doctors can view medical records by tapping his Smartphone that is enabled with a NFC reader over the NFC tag. Such system will improve the quality of healthcare sector by reducing clinical errors resulting of lack of medical information and prescriptions.

Title of the Paper: Legendre Polynomials Active Contour Method for Image Segmentation


Authors: Birane Abdelkader, Hamami Latifa

Pages: 35-38

Abstract: In this paper, we present a novel region based active contour method for image segmentation in the presence of intensity inhomogeneity. We formulate our model based on the SBGFRLS model and the Legendre polynomials. Instead of using the average intensity of the region we represent the regions by a linear combination of a set of Legendre basis functions, which lead to deal with intensity inhomogeneities in the segmentation. In addition, to avoid re-initialization keep the level set function smooth in the evolution process we regularize it using Gaussian filtering. Experimental results on synthetic and real-images show that our method is more robust to initialization, faster and more accurate than the well-known piecewise smooth model.

Title of the Paper: Intelligent System for Defect Detection


Authors: Edson Pacheco Paladini

Pages: 28-34

Abstract: This article describes an intelligent system for defect detection in industrial factories. The system makes an image analysis. The study shows a structure to detect, classify and identifies defects in industrial pieces during the processes they are being produced. The paper explains an automatic process control to detect failures on product appearance, it means, in their externals areas. The evaluation processes consider unlimited defects, it means, those defects whose limits are not clearly defined. Because of common characteristics, the defects appear in inaccurate parts of each analyzed piece. The hardware support involves pattern recognition devices and they are used to detect, identify and classify the defects. The structure of image capture and analysis do not need any human operator to reach a decision about the considered pieces. In addition to describing the model, a typical application is discussed. The practical results obtained are detailed and evaluated.

Title of the Paper: Stability of the Zero Solution of Nonlinear Tumor Growth Cancer Model Under the Influence of White Noise


Authors: Kalyan Das, M. N. Srinivas, Nurul Huda Gazi, Sandra Pinelas

Pages: 12-27

Abstract: The article deals with a system of nonlinear differential equations of tumor growth cancer model under the influence of white noise. This system can be used as mathematical tools for analyzing of various real problems of tumor growth associated with cancer. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the asymptotic mean square stability of the zero solution of this system are derived in this article. The article introduces a new approach to studying such problems through construction of a suitable deterministic system with the use of Lyapunov function. Recently we observed that cell-mediated immunity plays a vital role in immune responses against cancer. Cancer cell development and survival is a multifactor process involving genetic mutation of normal cells with physiological changes within both cancer cells and the body's defence mechanisms. In this paper we considered the special impact of tumor-immune interaction along with the two immune components– resting (helper) T-cells which stimulate CTLs and converting them into hunting (active) CTL cells which attack/destroy/ingest the tumor cells. Critically we have examined the existence of the system with local and global stability analysis at different equilibrium points. We have also developed a theoretical framework for understanding the complexity of the tumor growth cell under the influence of white noise. Using various sensitive hypothetical parameter values with different initial densities the numerical simulations shown the dynamical behaviour of the tumor cells along with the resting and hunting cells showing interesting patterns in the evolution of the tumor and immune cell populations.

Title of the Paper: On Stabilizing Fractional Order Time Delay Systems by First Order Controllers


Authors: Karim Saadaoui

Pages: 8-11

Abstract: In this paper, the problem of stabilizing fractional order time delay systems by first order controller is investigated. The proposed solution is based on finding a set of global stability regions in the controller’s parameter space. One of the controller’s parameters is fixed and the stability region in the space of the remaining parameters is determined using the D-decomposition method. An illustrative example is given to show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Title of the Paper: Numerical Simulation of Near Field and Far Field Brine Discharge from Desalination Plants (A Case Study in Persian Gulf)


Authors: Ahmad Rezaee Mazyak, Mehdi Shafieefar, Alireza Shafieefar

Pages: 1-7

Abstract: Seawater desalination has gained importance in coastal countries where conventional water sources are insufficient or overexploited. Seawater desalination contributes to mitigate water scarcity. Brine is a sub-product of desalination plants and is usually discharged into seawaters, with potentially negative effects on marine ecosystems. The process of desalination is not per se environmentally friendly and seawater desalination plants also contribute to the wastewater discharges that affect coastal water quality. Therefore, modelling of the brine discharge dispersion is crucial in the design of coastal desalination plants. In this paper, the salinity dispersion pattern of discharged saline water from the outfall pipeline of SAKO desalination facilities is studied to check the possibility of recirculation and fulfilment of environmental criteria. The SAKO desalination plant has a production capacity of 1,000,000m3/day and is located in northern coast of Persian Gulf, Bandar Abbas, Iran. The salinity dispersion process of a brine jet with ambient water includes near and far field regions. In this research, CORMIX II was used to model the near field process and then check the environmental criteria. The environmental criterion indicates that the excess salinity in a 200 meter diameter from the outfall should be less than 10% of the ambient salinity. Near field simulations indicate that salinity increment in 18 meter distance from the outfall will be about 4.17 PSU which is less than the 42 PSU ambient salinity. Hence, the environmental criteria are thoroughly met. The results of the near field model have been used as input data for the far field model (HD model). The far field model covers north of Qeshm Island and is set up to check recirculation criteria. Results of this simulation have been extracted in the intake location and they show that there is no salinity increment trend at the intake. Consequently, recirculation problem will not happen. Also, results show that the optimization of near field dilution of brine discharge plays an extremely important role in checking the possibility of recirculation and environmental criteria.