International Journal of Education and Information Technologies

E-ISSN: 2074-1316
Volume 13, 2019

Notice: As of 2014 and for the forthcoming years, the publication frequency/periodicity of NAUN Journals is adapted to the 'continuously updated' model. What this means is that instead of being separated into issues, new papers will be added on a continuous basis, allowing a more regular flow and shorter publication times. The papers will appear in reverse order, therefore the most recent one will be on top.

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Volume 13, 2019

Title of the Paper: Establishment of Smart Education System in Modern Universities: Concept, Technologies and Challenges


Authors: Abdel-Badeeh M. Salem, Elena V. Mikhalkina, Anastasia Y. Nikitaeva

Pages: 180-188

Abstract: The revolutionary digital transformations of society have led to the need for formulating a smart higher education system, adequate to modern conditions and based on the integrated use of intelligent digital solutions. The paper substantiates that the creations of such systems requires the solution of a whole complex of technological, institutional, organizational, economic and managerial issues. In accordance with this, the main tasks for the digital transformation of universities are studied, including: the formation of basic digital competencies, the incorporation of the digital agenda in research, the substantial modernization of bachelor's and master's programs, as well as programs of additional professional education. The paper identifies various levels of introducing ICT into everyday practice and creating the so-called “smart education” system from the perspective of a process approach. The article reveals the possibilities of applying the paradigm of knowledge engineering for the intellectualisation of the higher education system. The article also shows how the methods, approaches and methodologies of knowledge engineering (KE) can be used for the development of intelligent learning systems and smart tutoring systems (STSs). It is proved that the convergence of artificial intelligence (AI), web science (WS) and data science (DS) allows for the creation of a new generation of web intelligent systems for all educational and training tasks. One of the main objectives of this study is to determine and explore the benefits and advantages of such computational paradigms to increase the effectiveness and enhance the efficiency of smart tutoring systems. The key advantages and challenges of the use of modern intelligent systems and technologies in universities are identified, taking into account the characteristics of specific ICTs.Decisions are determined at different levels of the economic hierarchy, the adoption of which is essential for the institutionalisation of smart higher education systems.It is established that the creation of a smart education system requires funding from government agencies and educational institutions themselves and their partners in the ICT sector, as well as stimulating the demand for relevant technological innovations in the educational sector.

Title of the Paper: Use of Concrete Examples and Visualizations to Improve the Discussion of Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle in Control Education


Authors: Lilija Naiwert, Karlheinz Spindler

Pages: 168-179

Abstract: This paper, which grew out of an ongoing project geared towards improvements in control education, provides two examples of autonomous two-dimensional control systems which are simple enough to be analyzed analytically, but rich enough to exhibit interesting features. The examples are used to elaborate and visualize concepts which are relevant for the proof of Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle (needle variations, Boltyanski˘ı cones, reachable sets). The examples are classroomtested; they are presented in a comprehensible and illustrative way suitable for classroom use.

Title of the Paper: Competency-based Modular Educational Program of Specialty the “Oil and Gas Business”


Authors: Yskak Nabi, Zhamilaysh Hasanova, Galiya Saltanova, Aktoty Kasanova

Pages: 160-167

Abstract: This topic relevance is contingent on the need to review methodological approaches to the curricula development in order to ensure the results of students ' education. This research goal is to justify and implement the competency-based approach through the example of modular educational program "Oil and Gas business". Research methods are as follows: literature analysis, modeling, and comparative analysis. Results: methodological approaches to curriculum development have been finalized in an environment where professional standards are available, difference between the concepts of competency/competence has been shown, model of curriculum for modular educational program "Oil and gas" has been developed, and reasonable and measurable results of training program have been formed.

Title of the Paper: Analysis of Learning Behavior Logs based on a Fill-in Workbook System - Toward Real-time Learning Analytics -


Authors: Kousuke Abe, Tetsuo Tanaka, Kazunori Matsumoto

Pages: 154-159

Abstract: It is difficult for teachers to assess overall class performance in lecture situations where there are more than 100 students per class. In such situations, it is difficult to decide when to take appropriate remedial action. In an attempt to assess the overall class attitude and degree of understanding based on the learning behavior shown by all the students in a large class, including inattentive or inactive students, we analyzed data logs generated by a fill-in workbook system developed by the authors. This time series data made it possible to identify whether students were effectively following the class learning schedule. Analysis of the results confirmed that the degree of understanding shown by individual students could also be usefully assessed by employing this approach.

Title of the Paper: Adopting Online Radio for Promoting Educational and Community Development


Authors: Evaristus Adesina, Olusola Oyero, Nelson Okorie, Funke Omole, Rotimi Olatunji

Pages: 150-153

Abstract: This study focused on the online radio channel of mass communication, looking at the possibility of online radio broadcasting to facilitate community development which will, in the long run, translate into national development. The study used an online radio station as case study. That is Orisun FM, located in Ile-Ife, Osun state. Questionnaire was designed to collect data from a sample size of 334 in the community. The result of the study shows that the government owned rural radio station is meeting the development needs of the people, in the areas of education, agriculture, economy and health. However, the community members do not have free access to the station, because they see it as government property, which hinders quality participation. The study therefore recommends, among others, that government should encourage rural communities to have their own radio stations. They can do this by either helping them to set up their radio stations and leave them to take full responsibility for such stations, or let licences be issued, either free of charge or reduced to an amount that will be affordable for the rural people.

Title of the Paper: Improve the Efficiency of Intelligent IDPS by using Reinforcement Learning


Authors: Georgi Tsochev, Roumen Trifonov, Radoslav Yoshinov, Slavcho Manolov, Galya Pavlova

Pages: 145-149

Abstract: The present paper describes some of the results obtained in the Faculty of Computer Systems and Technology at Technical University of Sofia in the implementation of project related to the application of intelligent methods for increasing the security in computer networks. Also is made a survey about existing hybrid methods, which are using several artificial intelligent methods for cyber-defense. The paper introduces a model for intrusion detection systems where multi agent systems are the bases and artificial intelligence are applicable by the means simple real-time models constructed in laboratory environment.

Title of the Paper: Education of Students using Virtual Reality


Authors: P. Pokorný, N. Šenovský

Pages: 140-144

Abstract: This paper describes the development of an Educational Virtual Reality application that could be used in technically-oriented subjects - in this instance, Micro-computer Programming. This is taught at FAI, TBU in Zlín, and its practical part takes place in a specialised laboratory that contains some controllable real models. The article describes the design and realisation of the multi-platform Virtual Reality application in a selected real model´s environment. By using Virtual Reality hardware and this application, students can then experience the virtual world that they have created as if was the real world – thus allowing them to gain a better understanding of these subjects.

Title of the Paper: Aspects of Civic Education in Poland - Then and Now


Authors: Aneta Nieweglowska

Pages: 136-139

Abstract: An author shows how civic education was taught in the period of the Second Republic. The study characterises operations carried out by the Federation of Polish Unions of Country Defenders in the field of patriotic impact on the youht. There is also discussed the operation of the organisation the Polish White Cross in the field of teaching civic education during school clubs classes. The author carryied out the examination on civic education among students. The students responded to actions taken in school about building of social bonds with school, region and country.

Title of the Paper: Analysis of Closed Facebook Communities to Enhance Vocabulary Development in English as a Foreign Language through Flipped Classroom Method


Authors: M. A. Salazar C., Manuel Alejandro Salazar, M. A. Pérez T., Germán Enrique M. A. González O., Diana Katherine, M. A. Romero M. Gonzalo

Pages: 130-135

Abstract: The following paper reports the results of a quantitave research study sought to analyze the incidence of closed Facebook communities to enhance English vocabulary development in high school students by using the Flipped classroom method. Technological tools are a fundamental part of the English teaching-learning process. The use of virtual strategies facilitate teaching and give students virtual learning environments where they can have real contact with the English speaking world. Therefore, the need of studying different virtual resources and their effectiveness in 21st century teaching practices. Low vocabulary level mainly in matching strategies and completing sentences was detected after the results of the KET diagnostic test applied to students. The results evidenced the need of implementing a didactic sequence based on the Flipped Classroom method. Thus, a series of ten sessions by means of the implementation of closed Facebook communities were developed. Quizlet tool was also used, in order to keep track of students´ participations and classroom scoring. After the implementation, a final KET test was applied. The final results showed 34% improvement in matching and 33.5% completing sentences components. Similarly, the final test results evidenced students’ ability to find an unknown word in reading paragraphs. The data proved the positive incidence of Facebook closed groups and flipped classroom to develop vocabulary level in English as a foreign language.

Title of the Paper: Mapping the using 3D Printers and the Overview of Printed Models on the 3D Printers at Primary (Lower Secondary) Schools in the Czech Republic


Authors: Radek Nemec, Petr Vobornik

Pages: 123-129

Abstract: This article describes the results of the phone interviews across the Czech Republic at primary (lower secondary) schools focused on mapping the using 3D printers and the overview of printed models on the 3D printers at primary (lower secondary) schools in the Czech Republic. 3D printers are also increasingly found in primary schools. The findings of the research show that pupils at the elementary schools for creating 3D models use the free online software Tinkercad. They use Tinkercad because is a simple tool for 3D design and modeling based on a browser for everyone. It is can imagine anything and suggest it in Tinkercad within minutes. There is use the shapes as the basic building blocks of Tinkercad. In this software, pupils first use the basic shapes that they then edit. Examples include the Sun, the flower, the snowflake or the ring. Subsequently, pupils make by combination from the basic shapes and holes create various boxes. These objects are intended to be used by pupils as Christmas cookie cutters. For example, the heart, the star, or the human. Pupils also create pendants contain a name or different towers. More advanced pupils form more complex objects. It is a dice, a vase and various towers.

Title of the Paper: Women’s Defense Education at Summer Training Camps – Elements of Practice in Poland


Authors: M. Wisniewska

Pages: 120-122

Abstract: The history of women’s planned defense education in Poland goes back to the early 20th century. Initially, it was conducted solely by social organizations. With time, however, the rights of women to defend their country and receive military education were recognized. Nowadays, women can serve as professional soldiers in the army, although not all those interested will find employment there. In the past, an important element of defense education used to be summer training camps. The author of the research believes that summer camps continue to play a vital role in defense education of the society and future military staff. This is mainly because, in addition to their educational function, they constitute a true test of strength for female candidates to military service.

Title of the Paper: Normative Framework of Sexual Violence against Men in the Framework of the Armed Conflict and Effective Participation in the Different Instances Established by Law


Authors: Nury Gabriela Acosta Lugo, Gustavo Adolfo Gutiérrez Puerta

Pages: 113-119

Abstract: The national internal armed conflict that Colombia lived for decades, took place in different regions of the country, with the civilian population being the victim of acts of violence of confrontations between groups outside the law, dark forces and military forces. The disputes of the different actors that propitiated the conflict intensified the situations of Colombians, particularly in the countryside, where the scourges that already existed increased in an abysmal way. Such is the case of sexual violence, which on the occasion of the internal armed conflict became one of the most forceful weapons of war to attack the civilian population and had particularities in the achievement of it, compared to other forms of violence exercised. This document suggests a normative framework for sexual violence in the context of the armed conflict, in which, when seeking recognition of the occurrence of sexual violence in male victims, it is noted that recognition is indirect, being able to speak even of a real recognition that does not exist. Understanding that the concept has been conceived from the recognition of women with a differential approach to gender, for which, it became relevant and timely from this work the visibility of the processes that lead to men not belonging to LGBT social sectors and being victims of sexual violence, enjoy effective participation in the processes that guarantee their rights, who are also segregated from the participation spaces by other victims. After carrying out the approach that gave rise to the process, the need was reaffirmed from the investigation, to validate the mechanisms that in the country these people have considered as victims and that have been attended from the approach by differential approach, necessary to propitiate conditions that give rise to the integral system of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition. After carrying out the approach that gave rise to the process, the need was reaffirmed from the investigation, to validate the mechanisms that in the country these people have considered as victims and that have been attended from the approach by differential approach, necessary to propitiate conditions that give rise to the integral system of truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition.

Title of the Paper: Designing a Robotic Software Application for Drilling Operations


Authors: Paul Ciprian Patic, Florin Ion Popa, Gabriela Mantescu

Pages: 106-112

Abstract: In general, robotics research no longer deals with "low-level" issues such as motors, electrical problems, hardware construction. In the past, not only the robot's "brain" had to develop, but all its other parts of it. As such, fundamental research in robotics takes place in the area of theory and algorithms. Researchers in robotics are at the intersection of the following areas: artificial intelligence, statistics, algorithms, geometry, differential geometry, algebra, system theory. Some projects "escape" in exotic branches such as neurobiology, psychology, medicine, physics and mechanics, etc., depending on the applications of the robots. Electro-mechanical research is generally limited to the discovery of new technologies. For example robots using the magnetic field, micro-electro-mechanical devices or extreme means of locomotion Building a robot requires knowledge from very different domains. To accomplish even a very simple mission, complicated systems are needed, covering many disciplines. In the present paper one addressed aspects related to the design, construction and operation of a mechanical and operating structure of a robotic system for drilling a semi-finished product using for didactic purposes, controlled by an application made in LabVIEW, helping by NI USB 6008 Acquisition Board, supplied and connected to PC via USB port. The practical project is a part of the simple version driving through DC motors and worm gear reducers.

Title of the Paper: Internet Dependence of First-Year Students Technical University


Authors: S. V. Lavrinenko

Pages: 102-105

Abstract: Internet addiction is the most important problem of our time, especially among young people. The article presents the results of investigation of Internet addiction of first-year students of one of Russia's leading technical universities. The study was conducted on the basis of K. Young techniques. According to the results, the problem is very serious. Symptoms of Internet addiction have been found in nearly one-third of students. Only 10 percent of students are ordinary internet users. It is necessary to organize the educational process in the electronic environment more actively and efficiently. As a result, the students while they are at the computer will spend time with benefits for their education, without any negative consequences.

Title of the Paper: Source Code Explorer System to Enhance the Software Maintainability and Scalability


Authors: Mohammad Subhi Al-Batah, Nouh Alhindawi, Saleh Oqeili, Obaida M. Al-Hazaimeh

Pages: 94-101

Abstract: Typically, the traditional ways of exploring any artifacts relate to the source code through software systems is useless and considered as error prone and time consuming. Software systems are often comprised of many lines of code scattered across many different files, all located within a complex hierarchical file system. This hierarchical distribution of the code fragments makes the process of changing the source code complex task and need to be done from an expert developer to avoid affecting or changing unrelated fragments. Due to this complexity, developers can easily become disoriented and lost within software systems, moreover the developers cannot also extract data about the code. Because of these problems, in this paper, a tool called Source Code Explorer (SCodeEx) is presented. The proposed tool has been developed using C#. SCodeEx can solve the problem of the use of paper-based solutions. SCodeEx is solving the problem of categorizing and extracting data from the code in professional way. The proposed system is successfully passed and the users notice the credibility of the system to explore the classes with its functions and names, number of callee, call, variables, return data type and access modifier to each function. Compared to existing tools, SCodeEx is more professional and the way to solve the problem is faster and easier than others.

Title of the Paper: The Principles, Philosophy of Change and Action Lines in Preschool Education Core Curriculum Guidelines in Poland


Authors: Anna Klim-Klimaszewska

Pages: 85-93

Abstract: The core curriculum (curriculum guidelines) is a legal document issued by the Minister for National Education in the form of a regulation. Preschool education core curriculum is developed following the definition resultant from the law on education. It comprises the following: obligatory goals of education and educational contents, including but not limited to skills described in general and specific requirements pertaining to knowledge and abilities students should possess upon completion of a given educational stage; educational and preventive tasks of preschool; conditions and methods of implementation of the core curriculum. The field of education and learning set forth therein must be extended and made more precise on an ongoing basis in individual preschool education programs. The structure of the core curriculum for preschool education has a direct reference to three main sources: the nature of integrated teaching begun by the 1999 reform which supplements the document with a relevant paradigm; the model of recording in the form of educational goals/objectives (learning outcomes) introduced by the 2009 reform; the concept of integrated teaching. It is based on three strategies of child learning: perceptive-reproductive, perceptive-explanatory, and perceptive-innovative.

Title of the Paper: On the Comparison of the Implicit Advanced and Hybrid Methods and their Application to Solving Volterra Inteqro-Differential Equations


Authors: Galina Mehdiyeva, Vagif Ibrahimov, Mehriban Imanova

Pages: 79-84

Abstract: The mathematical models for many problems of natural sciences are constructed by using the Volterra integral and the Volterra integro-differential equations. Usually, for solving the initial-value problem for Volterra integro-differential equations have applied the methods which are used in solving of the initial-value problem for ODE. But for the calculation of the integral participated in the integro-differential equations are used the quadrature methods which have some disadvantages. Therefore, here to solving named problem proposed to apply the multistep methods of the advanced type which are freed from above-mentioned disadvantages. For the shown advantages of this method, we have used the comparison of some known methods with the proposed. And also have constructed some algorithms for solving the initial-value problem for the Volterra integro-differential equations. For the illustration of the received here, results have considered the application of these algorithms to solving of the initial-value problem for some Volterra integro-differential equations.

Title of the Paper: Educational Simulation Tools for Radio Wave Propagation Models


Authors: Anamaria Bjelopera, Matej Kajinić, Emil Dumić

Pages: 73-78

Abstract: Theory of electromagnetic waves is usually covered to a lesser extent within courses of physics for first year students of electrical engineering. Teaching higher education courses of more complex analysis of EM wave propagation which is meant for senior students, specially those of radio communications, imposes some challenges for professors because this subject is very difficult for students to understand. So, professors are faced with process of finding suitable tools for analysis and simulation of EM wave propagation which will complement their theoretical part of lectures. Various program tools such as MATLAB are useful applications for students in order to get a better insight of wireless network planning and design which will be a good preparation for their later work with real-life signals and industry systems worldwide. This paper describes basic properties and shows simulations results of COST 231-Hata, ITM (Irregular Terrain Model) and Ericsson used in the area of the city of Dubrovnik with frequencies of 800 MHz and 1.8 GHz used in Cloud RF tool.

Title of the Paper: Education of Disabled Children in Preschool Establishments in Poland


Authors: A. Klim-Klimaszewska

Pages: 65-72

Abstract: The Ministry for National Education have implemented a number of legal solutions to meet the needs of children having functional difficulties in preschools, the needs of the children’s parents and the broadly understood academic community, and to address the quality of education of children with various educational needs in Poland. The main objectives of the adopted solutions have been to include the children into their peer groups and to offer them comprehensive support. The solutions pertain to the organization and provision of psychological and pedagogical assistance, the organization of special needs education and an individual one-year obligatory preschool preparation and individual teaching. The underlying answer is to allow a diverse and flexible approach, suited to the needs of various children with special educational needs, to the organization of teaching and psychological and pedagogical support. This is all performed with a view to attaining a more individual-oriented preschool education for disabled children who can attend preschools but require all or some preschool activities delivered in an individualized form or in a small group (up to 5 children), following an individual educational-therapeutic program, due to the specific nature of their daily functioning. In the case of children who, due to their disease course or treatment, may not attend preschools, the ministry provides for an individualized education path based on an expert opinion issued by a public psychological and pedagogical counselling center. Worthy of special mention is the specific role of teachers who can most easily and accurately note the early symptoms of difficulties in children in the preschool environment.

Title of the Paper: 3D Technology in the Cultural Heritage and Education Context


Authors: Eva Milkova, Martina Manenova, Lenka Chadimova, Klimis Ntalianis

Pages: 59-64

Abstract: Modern technologies are getting involved in most spheres of human activities, they play an important role also in cultural heritage care. These technologies are used when research into historical reference is carried out, specifically in case of digitalization. Within the vast framework of cultural heritage, this paper deals with using 3D technologies suitable for digitalization of cultural heritage and utilization of its results in education. Firstly, the text focuses on basic criteria selecting a software appropriate for creation of a digital 3D model of a historical building and its implementation into a serious game. The second focus is on possible ways in which 3D technologies can impact the process of teaching history to elementary school pupils.

Title of the Paper: Why the Standard Methods, 5GL, Common Platforms and Reusable Components are the Four Pillars of the New Computational Paradigm Programming without Programmers


Authors: Ivan Stanev, Maria Koleva

Pages: 49-58

Abstract: Two important problems concerning software engineering are identified: low efficiency of the software development process, and lack of programmers. Three key components with considerable impact on the software development process, namely the software engineering method, the problem specification language, and the platform used, are identified. Four state of the art reviews are prepared including software engineering methods, problem specification languages, cloud computing platforms, and related works. This research problem is solved by the realization of the Knowledge Based Automated Software Engineering (KBASE) method for generation of enterprise information systems, based on 5GL specification languages, common platform for automated programming and a set of intelligent components for generation of new applications from well-defined system and business reusable components in three groups – domain independent, domain dependent and problem solving. KBASE concept, KBASE technological process, KBASE specification language, and KBASE platform are described. Key results achieved in the related works are detailed. The efficiency of the new computational paradigm is presented.

Title of the Paper: Value-notional Relations of People with Persons with Disabilities in Additional and Alternative Education and in Other Inclusive Social Practices


Authors: Galina A. Stepanova, Anna I. Tashcheva, Tatiana A. Markova, ElenaYu. Shpakovskaya, Oksana V. Tokar, Natalya G. Bazhenova, Mariam R. Arpentieva, Margarita E. Kirichkova

Pages: 41-48

Abstract: The purpose of the article is to study the influence of the value system on the understanding the disability, its consequences, the characteristics of personal and interpersonal relationships, and the lives of people with disabilities. For this purpose, the authors conducted a theoretical study of the socio-psychological variants of value-notional attitudes towards people with disabilities and towards disability. Value-notional relations are relations connected with the peculiarities of value (value-given) understanding of internal and external reality by man. Practically all significant and important for him and society human relations are value-notional , that is, due to the systems of values and ideals (at the individual level), morality and ideology (at the social level). One of the most important choices of this type is associated with the choice of attitude towards other people, including people as others, that is, different from themselves and different from some social norm. Recently, these differences have been combined into a group of "strange" or "queer", which includes people with disabilities, gay people, and some other representatives of the "countercultures". Attitude towards people with disabilities is one of the basic relations of a person, which shows the measure of his adulthood, social and personal maturity. It also shows how mature the community that builds certain attitudes towards people with disabilities. The materials of the article can be useful in the practical work of psychologists in solving problems related to the deformations of the value-notional relations to the people with disabilities. The greatest efficiency and effectiveness of psychological and pedagogical support for self-development of children and adult with HIA of different age groups is achieved in inclusive conditions of additional and alternative (global) education. This is because the environment (conditions) of additional education for children, teenagers, adults and elders have a number of important inclusive educational and other social resources (opportunities). Within the framework of additional and alternative education, psychological support is productive, aimed at preventing and correcting the violations of the value-notional sphere of people with disabilities.

Title of the Paper: Supporting the Decision-Making Process in the Planning and Controlling of Engineer Task Teams to Support Mobility in a Combat Operation


Authors: Ota Rolenec, Karel Šilinger, Tibor Palasiewicz, Pavel Žižka

Pages: 33-40

Abstract: The article deals with the possibilities of supporting the decision-making process of the engineer officer in a task force staff during planning the use and controlling of engineer task teams in a combat operation using designed software. Decision support is particularly important due to the increasing dynamics of the combat and the many factors that the engineer officer must assess during his/her activity in the staff of the unit. The application is designed to create engineer-modular elements suggestions to mobility support on a tactical level based on input data. Due to the simplicity of the algorithm and the speed of design creation, it can be used not only during the planning of the operation but also in the controlling of the engineer task teams in the change of the anticipated course of the operation, unexpected losses of engineer forces and resources, the necessity to perform new tasks of engineer support, etc. The analysis of national and foreign documents and the experience of authors from practical exercises was used to develop factors for assessing their influence on the composition of forces to support the mobility of troops. After the program was created, staff training (experiment) was carried out, which confirmed the research prerequisite and the correctness of the algorithm.

Title of the Paper: Impact of Stress on Creative Human Resources and Psychological Counseling in Crises


Authors: Gulzhaina К. Kassymova, Oksana V. Tokar, Anna I. Tashcheva, Galina V. Slepukhina, Svetlana V. Gridneva, Natalya G. Bazhenova, ElenaYu. Shpakovskaya, Mariam R. Arpentieva

Pages: 26-32

Abstract: This paper deals with stress, which is a major problem for students throughout the modern world. Stress is a significant problem of our times and affects both the physical and mental health of people. The main objectives are to ascertain the extent to which stress affects students’ academic success and health and to suggest some techniques and pratices to cope with stress for students. Stress coping methods are the physiological, cognitive, behavioral and psychological methods to deal with stress. The main method used has been to gather and analyse the relavant data. An important source of resistance to stress is a person’s creative abilities. Stress and creative abilities of a person interact ambiguously. On the one hand, stress suppresses creative abilities, as well as all other intellectual abilities of a person. On the other hand, stress encourages people to search for new forms of response, that is, to creativity. The nature of creativity in a stressful situation is largely related to the type of stress. The more extensive stress a person experiences, than higher and larger his creative achievements. On the third hand, the creative abilities of the individual help her to undergo stress easily, sometimes not noticing them. On the fourth hand, the creative abilities of a person “lead” him to specific stressful situations associated with the need for its realization, as well as with the opposition of creative and reproductive (stereotypical) social patterns of life activity. There are some interesting problem solving methods, they can integrate in crisis management system in psychological counseling and training in the academic service of psychological assistance (support for students and teachers), etc. Our investigation clear demonstrate what there is necessary to give consulting and seminars on stress management. It clearly showed the necessity for individual and group consulting, workshops, seminars, and even compulsory courses in order to help students cope with stress and to avoid mental health problems and other negative results. Psychological counseling in a crisis is aimed at enhancing the creative abilities of the individual. The consultant encourages the client to creative rethink what is happening and what happened in his inner and outer world.

Title of the Paper: Islamic Moderation in Relation to Basic Human Values and the Effect on Online Social Networks Students Motivations


Authors: Adel Bessadok

Pages: 16-25

Abstract: Understanding the motivations of young people’s use of online social networks and the relationship with their human values is still receiving great attention from researchers. Previous studies have shown individuals both within and across societies have considerably different value preferences that reflect their enculturation, subjective experiences, social locations, and different genetic heritages. This study attempts to analyze the effect of Schwartz’s basic human values on the moderation factor considered to be to central to Islamic values and how this moderation factor could influence the motivation of young people’s use of online social networks. The survey data was collected from 520 young people across the greatest metropolitan region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through the completion of a questionnaire. Structural equation modelling was deployed to test the research model hypothesis. The most relevant result was that strengthening the focus on social action inside and outside the society has a significant positive impact on the individual’s Islamic moderation factor. This study stressed out that being a moderate motivates the young people to pay more attention to their family and friends in their use of online social networks and make them not submissive to foreigners in the virtual world.

Title of the Paper: Scientific Issues Treated in the Websites of Jordanian Universities Analytical Study


Authors: Arwa Zabian, Walid Amsha

Pages: 6-15

Abstract: With the spread of Internet the information is becoming available any time anywhere that produces a large quantity of information available to the user in an easy manner. This huge volume of information available is produced at the cost of information quality. The websites is considered the first interface from which the user can obtain the information, it is an information system that collects and distributes the information. This paper presents a survey of the content of Jordanian universities websites, the goal of this research is to explore how the universities websites can handle the scientific events like conferences, seminars .etc., to identify if the wide spread of information has influenced in the quality of content of Jordanian universities websites. And to show if the university website reflects the universities mission and objectives. Our research were based on the methodology of survey using content analysis style for 14 universities private and governmental, the questionnaire were composed on 21 variables that includes units and categories of analysis able to measure what is found, where is reviewed by a set of specialists reviewers. Our results show that there is a high competition between universities in making the university website more attractive for the user without taking in consideration the scientific content of the site.

Title of the Paper: Internet, Youtube and Informal Learning Among Undergraduate Students


Authors: Usaini Sulaimanu, Okorie Nelson, Chinenye Emejulu, Oyedepo Tunji

Pages: 1-5

Abstract: Undoubtedly, the digital culture has come to stay in human conservationism. The YouTube has emerged as one of those digital platforms of transmitting visual educational and entertainment contents ranging from the simplest to the complex with over 2 billion views daily. Tothis end, this study sought to find out the adoption level of YouTube as a means of informal academic learning by students of Bells University of Technology, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria. The study premised on Uses and Gratification Theory utilised the survey method and the instrument of Questionnaire in gathering the data. The study revealed that despite majority of the students to the tune of 70% having the YouTube applications on their phones, a minute 14% viewed educational content on the platform, while 59% preferred to see music videos, sports and movies. While 69.2% of the respondents believe learning via YouTube was easier to class room teachings, 62.8% desire YouTube platform be inculcated into formal class room teachings as they find the platform more explanatory. The study therefore recommends the infusion of creative and explanatory course content into the digital platform of YouTube, thereby gratifying the academic and professional needs of students to developing a better human ecology.