ISSN: 2074-1316



Year 2007

All papers of the journal were peer reviewed by two independent reviewers. Acceptance was granted when both reviewers' recommendations were positive.

Main Page

    Paper Title, Authors, Abstract (Issue 1, Volume 1, 2007)


Easy enjoyable effective automated practice and test system
Takao Shimomura, Muneo Takahashi, Quan Liang Chen, Nhor Sok Lang, and Kenji Ikeda

Abstract: E-Learning is not almighty, nor can it teach everything. On the other hand, e-Learning is very suitable for playing such auxiliary roles as help teachers estimate the effectiveness of their lessons or help students know the current status of their abilities. This paper presents an open and customizable automated practice and test system, which teachers can easily administer, and with which students can enjoy studying. The paper also describes the implementation of the Apty system. A teacher can install the system only by entering a password for the Apty administrator. The installation and complicated settings of a Web server and a database server are all automated. Students can view a list of all subjects only by accessing the homepage of the Apty system, and they can begin to practice any subject without login.


Visual Literacy for Engineering Undergraduates
Siu-Kay Pun

Abstract: This paper explores visual literacy and its place in the basic literacy skills required in today?s society. It presents the situation in the Singapore educational system highlighting the reasons for the lack of visual literacy training in the schools. As Singapore moves more into its knowledge-based economy, her previous successful policy in training engineers to meet its industrial needs is being challenged. This paper then studies, based on an elective visual literacy course introduced at Nanyang Technological University (NTU), the need for visual literacy training for engineering and business undergraduates. Observations and conclusions are drawn from the results of a survey of the effects of this course on the graduates in their jobs and in their lives.


The Interactive Approaches of Exhibition Halls by Computational Facilities
Pelin Yildiz

Abstract: The computational facilities in relation with the interior architecture of the exhibition halls are the places with computer aided organizations as contemporary usages of flexible places. Recently the art of presenting is being identified under the circumstance of multimedia supplied by computerized atmosphere adapted to interior organization presenting the high-tech quality. The interactivity underlies the technical necessities with the aesthetical practice work and interactive space formation. The multimedia in exhibition halls are the structure of virtual reality. The multimedia is essential in the synchronization of the virtual reflection by computational facilities which will be identified with some samples from the world. As a sample the International Fair and Exhibition Hall in Istanbul, Turkey by technical integration is being evaluated. In this study the variable approaches of exhibition activity with computer aided systems are being identified. In the results and conclusions parts it is declared that art and the reflective quzntities are not only by manual presentation techniques but also by technical distinctions.


A study on the Knowledge Sharing of Health Technology for Technological College Students Mobile Learning
Chin-Mou Cheng, Li-Jung Chen

Abstract: The knowledge sharing of technology innovation on mobile learning is the main developmental force in the 21st century knowledge-based economy. In the new era of mobile society and information explosion, for college students who are receiving different kinds of information how to quickly learn and absorb different kinds of information to become their own knowledge and share it with friends are an important challenge. This study is aimed at the factors of students? knowledge sharing of health technology in technological and professional colleges, validating a scale to measure the current situation for students?knowledge sharing of health technology and to test some models for constructing students? knowledge sharing of health technology. To achieve this goal, the following methods were adopted: literature review, Delphi survey, professional interview and sampling questionnaire survey (3,012 students from 16 technological and professional colleges in Taiwan) to examine the students? knowledge sharing of health technology. The results showed that the students? knowledge sharing of health technology consisted of behavior norm, sharing attitude, sharing intention, sharing behavior and sharing control in terms of the theory of planning behavior (TPB). The models of students? knowledge sharing of health technology were tested with good fit through structural equation modeling (SEM). Since the path correlation of model was based on TPB, the following hypotheses concerning the students? knowledge sharing behavior were supported: sharing attitude toward sharing intention, behavioral norm toward sharing intention, behavioral control toward sharing intention, sharing intention toward sharing behavior, and behavioral control toward sharing behavior, which all had positive effects. Finally, conclusions and suggestions were proposed for all forms of teaching, such as embedded teaching in health technological literacy, the methods of research and statistics, the policy of promoting students to the holistic health, and further research including a bridge building between the technological and professional colleges and industries for teachers and practitioners, then constructing a significant wireless connectivity of knowledge sharing with hardware and software of mobile learning in health technology should be considered.


A Study on Participants Attitudes toward an Instructional Design Skill Standards for E-Learning
Ming-Puu Chen

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the development and implementation of an instructional design competency framework for e-learning in Taiwan through the analysis of item attributes and participants? perceptions. The results revealed that the e-ID competency tests obtained moderate discrimination indexes for distinguishing competent participants from less competent ones. The difficulty indexes, however, indicated that the competency tests were more difficult than expected. The low passing rate and participants? negative perception of the applicability of the e-ID competency tests suggested that the target audience of the competency framework needs to be re-positioned and commonly recognized by educational institutions, practitioners and researchers in the field of e-learning. Therefore, the instructional design competency framework can serve as a common platform for all e-learning participants.


A Study of the Need Hierarchy between Reality and Virtual Environments
Wen-Jiuh Chiang, Chih-Chia Chen, Chia-Chien Teng, and Shu-Chuan Chen

Abstract: A great deal of progress has been made on ICT society environment. Bases upon Information and Communication Technology, it will construct the virtual and electronic environment better and better. Virtual environment of Cyberspace can bring lots of personal benefits, enterprise, digital learning, and country competitiveness etc. However, is everything positive for kids to contact with virtual environment? We should face this progress carefully. Perhaps Virtual environment of Cyberspace may eventually destroy the current social system. This questionnaire for the study used Freul?s self concept, Carl Rogers?s self concept, Maslow?s Hierachy of needs and Bandura?s social imitation. The samples were junior high school students in Kaohsiung city, Taiwan 2006. The sample and the survey were obtained from two stages of random sampling that was conducted using an Internet website. Students could read the online questionnaire in school?s computer laboratory and then send immediate feedback to the website server. The result of the experiment showed that the satisfied status of students in reality environment, the divergence of identification with Virtual ID, the Hierarchy needs in the virtual environment, and social imitation are existed between the virtual and reality environment.


Quality Controllable Progressive Secret Image Sharing Discrete Cosine Transform Approach
Wen-Pinn Fang

Abstract: This paper proposes a novel secret image sharing method which can control the quality of shares. Based on the theories of secret image sharing and frequency domain transform, a multi-threshold secret image sharing is achieved. The method contains more properties compared with conventional secret image sharing which just has only one threshold. The properties of the proposed method include fault tolerance, small size of shares, secure, multi-threshold and progressive transmission. The method not only has the advantages of conventional secret image sharing, but also is more flexible. Users can set several thresholds in the method. When the number of shares is less than the smallest threshold, no secret will be revealed. While the numbers of shares collected are more than the smallest threshold, a low quality secret image will be revealed. The quality of recovered secret image will be better after collecting more shares. When the amount of shares is over the maximum threshold, the recovered secret image is the same as the original secret image.


    Paper Title, Authors, Abstract (Issue 2, Volume 1, 2007)


Route To Becoming A Member Of Evaluation Panel For The Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) Of Malaysia
Suhaimi Abdul-Talib, Azami Zaharim, Junaidah Ariffin, Yin Chun Yang and Shahrum Abdullah

Abstract: Accreditation of Engineering programmes in Malaysia is currently undergoing major changes, which was brought about by the criteria set by the Washington Accord. This paper discusses the training programmes that need to be implemented for panel evaluators.


A Longitudinal Study of First Year Engineering Students' Performance at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia: Before and After the Implementation of the OBE Approach
A. Ismail, A. Zaharim, S. Abdullah, Z. Mohd Nopiah and F. L. Mohd Isa

Abstract: In the 2005/2006 academic sessions, the Faculty of Engineering at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, started implementing the outcome based educations (OBE) approach beginning with the first year courses. As to observe the effectiveness of the OBE approach, this study is conducted. The aim of this study is to evaluate first year students? performance before and after the implementation of the OBE approach. In this study, the overall performance measured quantitatively using the grade point average (GPA) achieved by the first year engineering student of groups before and after the implementation of the OBE approach. Statistical analysis was done to identify the impact of the OBE approach on students? performance. Comparisons made with results obtained from previous studies revealed some interesting observations.


Building Intelligent Educational Networks
Marian Cristian Mihaescu

Abstract: An e-Learning platform together with its users may be seen as an Educational Network. Within such an Educational Network there are issues like: low reliability, unacceptable time response or bad resource management. The usual protocol between clients (users) and server (the e-Learning platform itself) is HTTP. This stateless protocol uses only request/response type interactions between clients and server. For improvement of afore mentioned issues there was built a module that gives the ?intelligent? character of the Educational Network. This module records user performed actions, levels of data traffic and other per-formed activities in an attempt to solve or improve presented issues. The enforced mechanisms use state of the art machine learning algorithms, mathematical modeling and dynamic structures management, giving thus the intelligent character of the educational network.


Emergent Intelligence in Large Scale Multi-Agent Systems
George Rzevski, Petr Skobelev

Abstract: The paper describes a multi-agent system which is capable of achieving its goals under conditions of uncertainty and which exhibits emergent intelligent behaviour such as adaptation, learning and co-evolution with their environment. The intelligence of the scheduler emerges from the horizontal and vertical interaction of its constituent agents balancing their individual and group interests.


A preliminary study on a PDA query system of customs cargo inspection
Jung-Tsung Yang, Jia-Rong Wen, Rong-Jyue Fang, Li-Ling Hsu

Abstract: The development of and adoption rate of mobile technologies are increasing rapidly on a global scale. M-learning ( mobile learning) can include a wide variety of applications and new teaching and learning techniques. Mobile devices can facilitate human interaction and access to information resources anytime and anywhere, such as cell phones and personal digital assistants ?PDAs? are widely used in working for various purposes. To enhance the competitiveness of industry, the government has been promoting to expedite clearance and simplify the standard operation procedure. Therefore, the anti-smuggling operation should be more flexible and active to control the information of customs clearance. To achieve this aim, a PDA online query system was suggested for the staff in quay and container yard. They can search for the newest information with PDA, such as dynamic materials of the container, procedure of Customs clearance of the container, and the name of the container, when they leave the office and find any suspicious container number, to advance the ability and performance of anti-smuggling operation. This paper presents the preliminary study that had investigated the effects and the limitation of PDA online query system. It is intended to analyze the possibilities of mobile technology application from this study.


E-SSAF A Powerful E-Learning Tool for State-Space OA-RC and Gm-C Continuous Time Filter Synthesis
E. Doicaru, I.D. Nicolae, and E. Popescu

Abstract: This paper introduces a software support tool for an advanced electronics laboratory session on filter synthesis. The application provides the students with a handy tool for determining the topological elements of active analogue continuous-time filters, described by the arbitrary transfer functions. The purpose is to obtain filters with small sensitivities, low noise level at the output and high dynamic ranges. The synthesis method implemented in the application is the method of intermediate transfer functions (IFs). The method was chosen because it can provide the optimization of the above mentioned performances at the abstract level of IFs not at the topological level. The application selects the IFs that yield structures with optimum performance and give their topological elements. The tool is specifically designed for students? use, providing a friendly, intuitive interface.


Indicators for Measuring the Efficiency of the Accelerated Knowledge Sharing Systems
Razvan Bologa, Ana Ramona Lupu, Gheorghe Sabau, Traian Surcel

Abstract: The authors present a set of detailed practical results obtained while experimenting with an original knowledge sharing methods applied for training young software developers in order to enable them to work for the world?s most demanding IT companies. The article focuses on the subject of speeding-up the process of knowledge sharing and identifies a method of measuring the efficiency of accelerating the educational process of young software developers. The main finding of the article is an indicator that measures the efficiency of accelerating knowledge sharing in order to compress the time needed to educate a software developer. It also offers an indication on the efficiency of some motivational factors that were used experimentally.


Influence Factors of Business Intelligence in the Context of ERP Projects
Ana R. Lupu, Razvan Bologa, Gheorghe Sabau, Mihaela Muntean

Abstract: Business Intelligence projects are very dynamic and during their development they encounter many environment, technology and personnel changes. All these changes determine the need for a progressive planning and an iterative development approach, involving several application releases. This article presents the development of a real industry business intelligence project, in a company that used an ERP system, Oracle Applications. It focuses on the main factors that influenced and affected the project development and it analyses the system evolution from technical point of view, the solutions found to fulfill the changing requirements, but also the impact of the company reorganization on the project. The description of this particular experience can be of use to all those who are involved in building business intelligence solutions to reveal some of success factors, to prevent or to solve some of the inherent problems related to this type of projects.


A Functional Evaluation of the Commercial Platforms and Tools for Synchronous Distance e-Learning
Daniel F. Garcia, Christian Uria, Juan C. Granda, Francisco J. Suarez, Francisco Gonzalez

Abstract: This article presents a detailed functional evaluation of the main currently available tools that can be used for synchronous distance e learning. This evaluation covers 20 tools commonly used in synchronous e learning. Some tools have been specifically designed for synchronous e learning and others were originally designed for web conferencing, but in their evolution, they have integrated most of the functions included in the tools designed for synchronous e learning. Today, most of web conferencing tools allow the remote presentation of rich multimedia contents, and therefore, they can be used in synchronous e learning with a satisfactory efficiency. On the contrary, most synchronous e learning tools have integrated a very sophisticated web conferencing support, so they can be used for sales presentation, tele-marketing or to support collaborative work. This functional convergence opens a huge market of users for these tools, in which are involved the most important companies of the software and telecommunications sectors.


Engineering e-learning surveys: a new approach
S. Campanella, G. Dimauro, A. Ferrante, D. Impedovo, S. Impedovo , M. G. Lucchese, R. Modugno, G. Pirlo, L. Sarcinella, E. Stasolla, C. A. Trullo

Abstract: This paper presents a new approach to engineer useful surveys to evaluate quality of e-learning courses. The proposed quality model evaluates not only quality in use but also quality in learning. Questions allow monitoring not only how the learning product results easy to manage, but also estimating how much it is useful for the learning process. The quality of the interface, the friendliness of the contents, the quality of concepts and the capability to transfer new knowledge are all considered. Learner involvement and motivation are con idered as relevant factors to measure user satisfaction. The first results, obtained during university teaching activities, show the efficiency of the proposed survey in discriminating the relevant factors.


How to link the theory and practice of control engineering: Practices in real time and simulation
I. I. Siller-Alcal? R. Alc?tara-Ram?ez, J. Jaimes-Ponce, and J. P. Vaca-Pliego

Abstract: The control theory is a hard subject for the students. It is difficult for them to relate the theoretical concepts with the control process in real time. The main target of this paper is to allow student links control theory with practice through a set of practice developed in Matlab in simulation and in real time for a heat transference module, which involve basics control concepts such as transfer function, perturbation, time constant, final value, steady state error, root locus, proportional and proportional integral control, frequency response analysis and identification by least square.


Intensity Based Image Mosaicing
VinodD.S., Akshatha R. Bhat and Shiva Prakash M.

Abstract: Image Mosaicing is useful in a variety of vision and computer graphics applications like 3 dimensional vision, photogrammetry, satellite imagery, video images etc. The basic reason for Image Mosaicing is that camera vision is limited to 50 by 35 degrees, and Human Vision is limited to 200 degrees. By using Image Mosaicing we can ideally have 360 by 180 degrees vision. The modified version algorithm for Image Mosaicing using EuclideanWarp and Bilinear Interpolation has been discussed. In order to overcome certain disadvantes of the this algorithm, the modified version of Intensity Based Image Mosaicing algorithm has been proposed. Through this algorithm seams that appear while stitching images are not eliminated. This algorithm works both for single viewpoint as well as multiple viewpoints. The implementation aspect of the algorithms are discussed along with test results. The merits and demerits of both the algorithms have been compared and analysed. We have used our own image data sets for experimenting.


Engineering e-learning surveys: a new approach
S. Campanella, G. Dimauro, A. Ferrante, D. Impedovo, S. Impedovo , M. G. Lucchese, R. Modugno, G. Pirlo, L. Sarcinella, E. Stasolla, C. A. Trullo

Abstract: This paper presents a new approach to engineer useful surveys to evaluate quality of e-learning courses. The proposed quality model evaluates not only quality in use but also quality in learning. Questions allow monitoring not only how the learning product results easy to manage, but also estimating how much it is useful for the learning process. The quality of the interface, the friendliness of the contents, the quality of concepts and the capability to transfer new knowledge are all considered. Learner involvement and motivation are considered as relevant factors to measure user satisfaction. The first results, obtained during university teaching activities, show the efficiency of the proposed survey in discriminating the relevant factors.


    Paper Title, Authors, Abstract (Issue 3, Volume 1, 2007)


A Sequential Study on Anti-collision Protocol Development for Passive RFID Tags
Nowshad Amin and Puah Weng Lin

Abstract: Tag identification is an important measure in RFID systems with applications for monitoring and tracking. A RFID reader recognizes tags through communication over a shared wireless channel. When multiple tags transmit their IDs simultaneously, the signals collide and this collision disturbs a reader?s identification process. Collision problem can be divided into reader collision and tag collision. Tag collision is taken into account in this study since most of the applications involve tag collision problem. Therefore, an anti-collision protocol is developed to solve this issue. This study focuses on the most widely used passive tag, as it is simple and cheaper. Here, a circuit has been proposed that can implement the anti-collision protocol for passive tags, and its functionality has also been investigated. Among several anti-collision protocols, the Binary Tree Protocol is chosen and a circuit based on Binary Tree Protocol has been constructed using SIMUAID simulator. In Binary Tree Protocol, the tag ID with lowest bit has the priority to be identified first. The circuit is able to successfully solve the anti-collision problem in RFID system to recognize the tag?s ID.


Experiments with Inverted Pendulum: from Simulations to Remote Control
Katarina Zakova

The paper is focused on a typical nonlinear system of the inverted pendulum plant that is used as a benchmark in control education at many universities. Except of overview of various approaches to the experimental work with the considered device, our attention was dedicated to one way of its remote control. The introduced approach presents a client-server application that connects .NET technology and Macromedia Flash format.


Effective Middleware for Efficient XML Data Transmissions on Networks
Xu Huang and Dharmendra Sharma

Abstract: Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a simple, very flexible text format derived from SGML (ISO 8879), which is a well defined, public standard. It is increasingly being used to transmit data on networks but is a verbose format and needs an efficient encoding to send relatively large amounts of data efficiently since XML became an official recommendation of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) in 1998. This requirement is particularly important, which is most for attractive to wireless data communications. It is a common technical challenge for researchers in XML-driven networks to have good performance. One may employ a middleware to enhance performance by minimizing the impact of transmission time [1, 3]. In this paper we extended our previous research results [2, 11-14] to an alternative middleware for efficient XML data communications on Networks. We also show the experimental results obtained from our technique and that from the Network Adaptable Middleware (NAM) established by Ghandeharizadeh et al [1]. Those experimental results show that our method is superior to the NAM method [1], which supported by the fact that the time taken is less than 231.67, which is ranging symmetrically out of the 0.6 standard deviation about the peck of the probability of the network traffic load distributions otherwise the NAM will be suggested between the region of 0.6 standard deviation.


A Framework for Software Engineering Education: A Group Projects Approach
Zaigham Mahmood

Abstract: Software Engineering (SE) programmes at institutions of higher education aim to produce software engineering specialists who have the required knowledge of the SE tools, techniques and methods as well as the technical expertise to design and develop complex software. These programmes are generally well designed, however, those completing such programmes do not necessarily possess the required skills because of several inherent issues. This paper presents a framework for the provision of SE education using a Group Projects approach and suggests that there is a need to provide opportunities for students to work individually and in pairs in their first year of the course, in groups of 4-6 in the second year and in larger groups of at least 10 in the final year. Discussing the issues, the paper presents solutions to some of the difficulties that are often encountered with respect to team working, in particular: team formation, allocation of projects, group dynamics and project management and assessment. The aim is to put forward proposals to improve the effectiveness of SE programmes.


Provision of Computing Education in Pakistan: An Experience Report
Zaigham Mahmood

Abstract: Computing is a favorite subject to study at universities in Pakistan as computing professionals are in huge demand in the software industry. The educational institutions are providing programmes of study in Computing at all levels and the Higher Education Council of Pakistan have agreed a framework and syllabus for such programmes. The Ministry of Science and Technology have also played their part by helping to recruit experienced faculty form abroad through their faculty hiring programs. Thus, the will is there and signs are good, however, there are a number of issues at ground level, especially with respect to design, delivery and assessment of modules. This paper presents an experience report of the author, who was a visiting professor for six months at a university in Pakistan. The issues are highlighted and solutions are suggested. The aim is to provide some relevant information for colleagues in academia so that the teaching of computing is improved and students? learning experience is further enhanced.


The student satisfaction and effect of group discussion on networked cooperative learning with the portfolio assessment system
Eric Zhi Feng Liu and Shan Shan Cheng

Abstract: This study examined social talks in the group discussion and group-task-related dialogue in the group discussion as the predictors of students? satisfaction and their learning outcome and the students? overall learning satisfaction about cooperative learning activities and networked cooperative learning with portfolio assessment system, an instructional method that emphasizes idea expressing via writing and oral presentation, accumulated dialogues through inquiries between peers, critical thinking via peer assessment, and knowledge construction via doing a practical assignment. In this study, thirty-six juniors enrolled in a course Introduction to Computer Science and were assigned to twelve teams. Each team was assigned to design a combined Intranet and Internet computer network for a fictitious company. Quantitative results showed that social talks and group-task-related dialogue are useful predictors for students? satisfaction and learning outcome. In the other hand, descriptive statistics results indicated that students' overall learning satisfaction is high and 86% students willing to join the learning activities that similar to this study in the future.


Development of Educational Software
Rosa M. Reis

Abstract: The use of computer networks and information technology are becoming an important part of the everyday work in almost all professions, especially in scientific areas, and facing new education concepts, many universities and education organizations decided to plan new strategies concerning computer based technologies. As a result of these developments Computer Aided Education (CAE) methods came out. These methods have been used and developed for more than fifteen years in many universities and organizations. The goal of CAE is to develop the learning capacity of students and to increase the teaching productivity and effectiveness of instructors with the help of advanced computer based technology. It is in this context that the work proposes a framework for the development of educational software. This framework is in development and will have CASE (Computer Aided Software Engineering) features, because it will be supported by X-TEC model (Techno-Didactical Extension for Instruction/Learning Based on the Computer). With the specifications of this model we can create and reuse the learning objects in order to reach a one specific audience. The architecture is composed by three tiers: User interface, rules and persistence. In the first tier we have three components: graphic editor, RAD editor and code generation. The graphic editor makes possible the edition of the diagrams of model X-TEC, which are stored in a data repository. The RAD editor allows creating educational software (e.g. tutorials, drills) through pre-defined templates. The code generation component will be responsible for the automatic creation of educative software for the web environment, since, the generated code is HTML language. The software is based in the specifications of the domain of the problem, internal specifications of the X-TEC model and in a set of templates.


Testing Validity and Reliability of Classical and Contemporary School of Strategic Management
Lara Jelenc

Abstract: School of strategic management is a concept that relates to paradigm, as the common way of perceiving process of strategic management. Sharing the same beliefs, judgments, point of view and values researches form a special way – paradigm of perceiving process of strategic management. The paper is testing two school- classical and contemporary schools of strategic management out of the four schools and analyze their paradigms. This paper is testing validity and reliability of the classical and contemporary schools of strategic management. Validity is tested with content validity and reliability with internal consistency coefficient Cronbach alfa. Only if the results show satisfying level of conformance of both of the tests, constructs of the classical and contemporary school of strategic management can be taken into further statistical analysis (factor analysis) and the conclusion grasped from the data can meet the requirements of the scientific relevance and robustness.


    Paper Title, Authors, Abstract (Issue 4, Volume 1, 2007)


Learning Centered Computer Aided Circuit Design Course
Ferdi Boynak

Abstract: In this study, improvements made to the Computer Aided Circuit Design Course given in the Marmara University Electronic and Communication Education Program is presented. Curriculum of the course has been redesigned by considering the new paradigms of education, and developed with student centered learning techniques. A learning environment, where students realize the circuit design, computer simulation and laboratory practices by taking part in the center of learning, has been established. With motivating ambience of the learning medium, it is aimed that students would develop skills and habits to solve open-end problems, learn individually, work in a group, and think critically. At the end of the semester, students evaluated the course and a positive feedback is obtained.


A Type of Technological Course with using Information Technology
Rong-Jyue Fang, Hung Jen Yang, Hua Lin Tsai, Chi Jen Lee, Tien-Sheng Tsai, Dai-Hua Li

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop of information technology and network infrastructure construction On the past decades, educators have developed various scales to measure the learning attitudes. But few of them have constructed specifically for attitudes towards digital devices. This research is discuss the meaning and purposes of Life Technological Course crossing different fields, the strategies of implementation and the integration of information science, and the integration of information technology applying to every discipline. It is urgent to give teachers accurate teaching models of Life Technology Courses complying modern IT technology nowadays. According the discussing, we put forward and implement the tactics to support the reference that scientific and technological teacher crossing different fields and studies the way and information to incorporate teaching of life concretely finally.


Knowledge Management of the Grade1-9 Curriculum implements in the primary School
Wen-Jiuh Chiang, Rong-Jyue Fang, Zhen-Gang Chen, Hua- Lin Tsai

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to realize the viewpoints of the related questions of the grade1-9 curriculum, and to offer the practical suggestions. There are “questionnaire” and “interview” involved in this study. The public elementary school teachers in Kaohsiung city are the main objects in this research. After arranging these data, we obtain some suggestions from the findings of this study. Actually, the main conclusions of the study are as follows: 1. Most of the elementary school teachers tend to stand for the state enforcement of the Grade1-9 curriculum. 2. There is a significantly different level among these items (sexuality, age and position in school) in the understanding of the theory of the Grade1-9 curriculum of the elementary school teachers. 3. There is a significantly different level at the item (total classes in school) in the understanding of the concept of the Grade1-9 curriculum of the elementary school teachers. 4. There is a significantly different level among these items (sexuality, highest diploma and total classes in school) in the understanding of the curriculum innovation of the Grade1-9 curriculum of the elementary school teachers. 5. There is a significantly different level at the item (different background) in the thoughts of the elementary school teachers on forming a complete set and the attitude towards reform. 6. There is a different level at the item (different background) in the current executive situation of the Grade1-9 curriculum of the elementary school teachers. Finally, according to the conclusions of the study, we hope to offer some suggestions for teacher-training institutions, educational authority, and administrators of elementary school, elementary school teachers and the future research.


Values, procedure landmarks and formal/public practices in non-university school management in Romania in 2008
Ioan Neacşu, Mihaela Suditu and Cătălin Popescu

Abstract: The research paper analyzes the conceptual value matrix and the index of the formal pattern procedural dimensions used by the state administration of the education system in preuniversity school units in Romania. The authors’ core ideas are: the critical-constructive analyses of context values, the methodology and the operational practices related to the selection, the set up, the load and the evaluation of the professional – managerial activities of school managers, as well as the identification of medium-term potential evolutions of the professional education management.


Releasing engineers’ creativity using media experience
Siu-Kay Pun

Abstract: To maintain a competitive advantage to the large number of engineers produced by economic giants China and India, Singapore needs to produce engineers with an added dimension – engineers with creative minds. There has been constant restructuring of Singapore’s education system to produce a workforce that can create knowledge and technology. The stress on creativity and innovation has become a key initiative in educating its young. This paper studies the creative media experience offered to its engineering undergraduates in a media literacy elective course introduced at the Nanyang Technological University. Highlighted are the rationale, approaches and delivery of this course. It discusses the outcomes based on the students’ performance and examines whether media experience can benefit engineers’ creative minds. It ends on the implications of media literacy on its graduates.


Releasing engineers’ creativity using media experience
Siu-Kay Pun

Abstract: To maintain a competitive advantage to the large number of engineers produced by economic giants China and India, Singapore needs to produce engineers with an added dimension – engineers with creative minds. There has been constant restructuring of Singapore’s education system to produce a workforce that can create knowledge and technology. The stress on creativity and innovation has become a key initiative in educating its young. This paper studies the creative media experience offered to its engineering undergraduates in a media literacy elective course introduced at the Nanyang Technological University. Highlighted are the rationale, approaches and delivery of this course. It discusses the outcomes based on the students’ performance and examines whether media experience can benefit engineers’ creative minds. It ends on the implications of media literacy on its graduates.


The utilization of E-learning in an elementary school-- Take PHS phones as example
Rong-Jyue Fangi, Hung -Jen Yang, Hua- Lin Tsaii, Chi -Jen Lee

Abstract: This study intends to investigate PHS phone and its utilization in an elementary school. The interview process targeted on the projector who is an executor of the plan of PHS phones from an experimental elementary school located in Kaohsiung County, southern Taiwan. She joined all of digital experimental project and observed interaction between the parents and their own children in the specific elementary school. In the experimental period, the projector observed each parents using a PHS phone; through message transmission and mobile net communication, parents using PHS phones to discuss and share feelings with the teachers as well as other parents. The research summarized the projector’s ideas and provided references opinion to instruction designers and mobile learning projectors to develop further innovative instruction.


The Digital Instrument Support Teacher's Instructional Innovation
Rong-Jyue Fang, Hung Jen Yang, Hua Lin Tsai, Chi Jen Lee, ,Dai-Hua Li

Abstract: This study intends to investigate Digital Assistant (PDA) is net devices and its application in education. The study went through literature review and staged interview. The interview process targeted on students and parents from an experimental primary class located in Kaohsiung County, southern Taiwan, They all joined the digital experimental project in that specific primary school. In the experimental period each parents in that class were distributed a PHS phone. Through message transmission and mobile net communication, parents discussed and shared feelings with teacher and other parents through using mobile devices (pros & cons). Finally, as reference material, it concludes by making suggestions for educational government authorities, primary school administration departments and teachers who utilize PDAs to achieve teaching innovation.


Tools and Techniques for Supporting Reverse Logistics Optimization: Methodology, Case Study and Project Proposal
P. Giribone, R. Revetria, M. Schenone, F. Oliva, E. Nikolaeva Nikolova, G. Chavdarova Peneva

Abstract: The following research documentation focuses on building a network for reverse logistics of products that are taken back for disassembly and retrieval of reusable components for remanufacturing. The goal is to achieve optimization between the costs and the clustering. The paper outline also an innovative approach designed to support the establishment of a new socio-economical vision able to reduce products manprint.


Copyrighted Material,  NAUN